The Writers’ Building in Kolkata attracts thousands of tourists from across the world, drawn to its stunning architecture and design. It is a two storeyed building which comprises several living rooms in … Warren Hastings House is counted among the famous heritage structures of Kolkata which replicate simple cubical western architectural style of British era. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. According to Gullick (2000), before the Second World War, the British had started to make its impact in Malaya’s architecture. The British “White Town” included many of the colonial buildings and municipal offices still in use today, while “Black Town” was comprised of large parts of North Kolkata, including old rajbaris, the houses of influential locals. With the exception of the central areas where Europeans formerly lived, the city has grown haphazardly. Before this, Anglicans depended on the much smaller St. John’s Cathedral that had been built in 1787. While the Tudor Arch or the Four-Centred Arch is the distinguishing feature most people would recognise the timber-framed houses of the Tudor era. Designed by British architect Walter Granville, the structure is said to be modeled on the, Victoria Memorial Hall, 1 Queens Way, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700071, India, Cathedral Road, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700071, India, Kolkata Town Hall Esplanade Row West, B.B.D. The Middle Ages - 1066 and all that. The monument is famed for having the first ever elevator of Kolkata. It drew elements from native Indo- Islamic and Indian architecture, and combined it with the Gothic revival and neo-classical styles favoured in Victorian Britain. According to Gullick (2000), before the Second World War, the British had started to make its impact in Malaya’s architecture. The Victoria Memorial is Kolkata's standout building and blends elements of British Victorian and Indian architecture. The monument is famed for having the first ever elevator of Kolkata. Howrah Station: Constructed first in the British period, the Howrah Station housed the second railway line linking Calcutta with Bardhaman coal fields. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. It is a two story building which comprises a big gallery on the upper floor, conveyed with many halls. Architectural Importance. To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK". The British followed various architectural styles – Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian being the essentials. Development of colonial architecture in india, No public clipboards found for this slide. With the growth of their empire, the British became increasingly inclined to make cities like Calcutta, Bombay and Madras develop the architectural style of Europe because 1) It expressed the British desire to create a familiar landscape. Bagh Kolkata, West Bengal, 700001, India. William Emerson, the then president of the Royal Institute of British Architects was the chief architect of the memorial that was designed in Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. We see a plethora of architectural styles that have developed in India throughout history. http://animeshray.com/restoration-of-esplanade-mansions/, 1. Kolkata - Kolkata - City layout: The most striking aspect of the layout of Kolkata is its rectangular north-south orientation. With the growth of their empire, the British became increasingly inclined to make cities like Calcutta, Bombay and Madras develop the architectural style of Europe because 1) It expressed the British desire to create a familiar landscape. The Indo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo- Gothic , Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, or Hindu-Gothic) was an architectural style and movement by British architects in the late 19th century. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Mumbai- A forgotten port because of its weather, was renovated after the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. The Fort found in the Eastern banks of River Hooghly, Calcutta (Kolkata) is William Fort, which is truly an architectural splendor that depicts the beauty of architectural excellence during British India. The architecture replicates the cubical western architectural style of British era. It was used for social gatherings. While the aforementioned building, the Victoria Memorial, is a distinguishing feature of the city, there are quite a few structures that now lie in different stages of decay. The molding along the upper edge is Bagh Kolkata, West Bengal, 700001, India, 3 Esplanade Row West, B.B.D. It has impressive scenery over outstretchedstructure. Visits the major centres of British power, still India’s leading cities – Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. In most British colonial Built in 1813 to provide a place for Calcutta’s European community to gather for social events, the Kolkata Town Hall is today among the best-known buildings in the city. This CNI church has an Anglican background in the heart of Kolkata. However, the colonial-era building has a history that’s just as interesting. One of India’s most historic and cosmopolitan cities, Kolkata has been at the center of activity of various civilizations at different points in time. https://www.goroadtrip.com/blog/6-british-monuments-in-kolkata MITHILESH MANDAL (114AR0006) The ornate architecture cost the British a lofty sum of Rs. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The former British capital of India, Kolkata, is known for its artistic brilliance, exceptional architecture, and legendary literary landscape. Kolkata Town Hall: Constructed in the Roman Doric style, the Town Hall was built with funds raised through a lottery. Construction & Architecture. Being the seat of Calcutta’s Diocese, its cornerstone got laid in … Home to the National Library Of India, the largest library in the country by volume, the Belvedere Estate is believed to have been constructed in the mid-18th century. Traditionally, British wainscot was made of oak—imported from Russia, Germany, or Holland—and wainscot oak remains a term for select, quartersawn oak for paneling. British colonial architecture in India — from the British India period (c.1610s−1947) in present-day India and Pakistan. Mumbai- A forgotten port because of its weather, was renovated after the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. Approaches to architecture became simpler towards the end of the era. 2) British felt that it would … Built in 1847, this is said to be the largest cathedral in India’s City of Joy. Extraordinary wealth of European-style architecture from the eighteenth century to the middle of the twentieth. A typical use of wainscot appears in early English Renaissance mansions where oak paneling to a height of 8 or 10 feet (2.5 to 3 m) was installed and hung with paintings or armour. Before this, Anglicans depended on the much smaller St. John’s Cathedral that had been built in 1787. For our ease, we need to first phase out the development of architecture in India. SONAKSHI BHATTACHARJEE(114AR0024) British colonial architecture hence came into the picture the very instant that the British set shop in India. Wainscot, interior paneling in general and, more specifically, paneling that covers only the lower portion of an interior wall or partition. There are two broad ways to label the colonial structures in … Featuring gothic architecture and stained-glass windows, the pristine-white cathedral was built to tend to Calcutta’s growing European community in the early-19th century. The babus were neo-urban, high-class, flamboyant Bengali gentlemen — a class that came into being as a result of close interactions with the British in the late 18th and 19th century. The periods listed below are representative of the prominence of very broad architectural styles in England. From what started out as an all-out endeavor to mark superiority slowly changed into accepting and acknowledging the ‘Indian way’. The architecture of England is the architecture of modern England and in the historic Kingdom of England.It often includes buildings created under English influence or by English architects in other parts of the world, particularly in the English and later British colonies and Empire, which developed into the Commonwealth of Nations. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. 6,30,510 and was particularly noted for its domed roof and the 28 corinthian pillars. Large populations of Chinese, Armenian, Jewish, and other immigrant communities have all called Kolkata home, and the city’s stunning architecture pays testament to its social, political, and cultural richness. The Tudor architectural style is the final development of medieval architecture in England, and also the tentative introduction of Renaissance architecture. In addition to a museum, the town hall also houses a reference library, with over 12,000 books and journals, including some very rare editions. colonialism in kolkata-gothic revival,indo saracenic. Extraordinary wealth of European-style architecture from the eighteenth century to the middle of the twentieth. Featuring gothic architecture and stained-glass windows, the pristine-white cathedral was built to tend to Calcutta’s growing European community in the early-19th century. Architecture of the British Raj - Evolution of styles in Mumbai, Kolkata & Delhi. Tudor and mock-Gothic building styles enjoyed a revival and the early part of the period involved highly-elaborate detailing. It has a decorative or protective function and is usually of wood, although tile and marble have at times been popular. Architecture is about evolution, not revolution. The building of national Library is a beautiful house designed with distinctive English architectural style of 19th century. STYLE • Indo Saracenic Revival Architecture - Architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century in British India. Raj Bhavan during the bygone era was the representative of the British imperialism. The house is formerly decorated in while colour. Belvedere House is thought to have been built by Mir Jafar Ali Khan, the Nawab (ruler) of Bengal during the 1760s, who then transferred it to the British East India Company. The British followed various architectural styles – Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian being the essentials. While today the Writers’ (as it’s also known) houses the State Government of West Bengal, it has served multiple functions over the past centuries. There exact periods are disputed, even where they roughly correlate with the reign of specific monarchs. This architectural style is commonly used in administrative buildings. An overview of the British Colonial Architecture One of the earliest architectural influences of the British colonial rule is seen on the churches. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Credit: Alamy. Gothic and neo-classical style was in rage and many of the structures in the Presidency of Bengal, Madras and … The 1930s semi is one of the most common housing styles you see in Britain today and is recognised by a … The plan comprises a central core with four radiating wings. Architecture of the British Raj - Evolution of styles in Mumbai, Kolkata & Delhi. It drew elements from native Indo-Islamic and Indian architecture and combined them with Gothic revival and Neo-Classical styles favored in Britain. But over the years, the architectural styles evolved. The rooms on the ground floor of the library is used for collecting and storing the books. Visits the major centres of British power, still India’s leading cities – Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. The colonial history is engrained in the DNA of Kolkata, a city famous for a memorial dedicated to a British queen. It … These six colonial-era buildings are striking reminders of a Calcutta (present-day Kolkata) that served as capital to British India. Located in Kolkata, St. Paul’s Cathedral features a unique architectural style. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Presently, it is considered as the 2nd largest library in Asian continental. The Victorian era consisted of various British architectural styles, including Medieval and Renaissance. The term ‘ brutalism ’ is derived from ‘Béton brut’ (raw concrete ) and was first used in architecture by Le Corbusier . This architectural style is commonly used in administrative buildings. By the mid-1850s, Calcutta had developed into two areas that essentially segregated the inhabitants by color. The oldest High Court in India, this establishment was set up in 1862 – although the neo-gothic building it’s housed in wasn’t constructed until 10 years later. Kolkata Town Hall Kolkata Town Hall was constructed in the year 1813 in Roman Doric architectural style. This haphazard development is most noticeable in the fringe areas around the central core formed by the city of Kolkata and the suburb of Haora. The General Post Office, overlooking Dalhousie square east, is perhaps the finest looking buildings in Kolkata today. KOLKATA mixture of the British and Moghul Architectural style (Indian Muslim) in India. Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Brutalist architecture is a counterpoint to the international style, using substantial materials such as exposed concrete, brick and stone and creating works with a massive, monumental quality. ... when Kolkata was the hub of British colonial rule. Kolkata Town Hall Kolkata Town Hall was constructed in the year 1813 in Roman Doric architectural style. The style encompassed a blend of British architectural style with that of Egyptian, Venetian, Deccani, Mughal and other Islamic styles. The architecture and the decor of the monument have a majestic appeal. Kolkata’s grand old family homes used to house entire generations. British colonial architecture in India — from the British India period (c.1610s−1947) in present-day India and Pakistan. Raj Bhavan during the bygone era was the representative of the British imperialism. Made in Roman Doric style, the building was used for judicial purpose in the latter half of the 19th century, while the Calcutta High Court was under construction. Indo-Saracenic architecture (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, Hindoo style) was a revivalist architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government buildings in the British Raj, and the palaces of rulers of the princely states. (ENGLISH COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE) One such building complex in central Kolkata presently houses commercial offices, banks, private firms and had earlier housed airlines offices. mixture of the British and Moghul Architectural style (Indian Muslim) in India. They were the affluent class and challenged the conservative style of living in colonial Calcutta. Belvedere Road, Block A, Alipore, Kolkata, Belvedere Estate | © Biswarup Ganguly / WikiCommons, We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. Warren Hastings House is still renowned as one of the amazing heritage structures of Kolkata. The architecture and the decor of the monument have a majestic appeal. SUCHETANA CHAKRAVARTY(114AR0025). The imperial building today is the base of the Indian army of the eastern wing and Eastern Command Head Quarter of Indian Army. It reveals the beauty of Gothic revival architecture. A distinctive architectural style of this period consisted of homes with pebbledashed walls, recessed porches, and mock timber framing, inspired by the Arts and Crafts designs. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. English architectural stylistic periods - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Tudor architecture is the final style from the medieval period in England between the 1400s-1600s. Standing tall as the cultural and intellectual hub of India, this fascinating city invites you to witness its diversity and experience the joy of immersing yourself in its ancient culture and historical monuments. Office, overlooking Dalhousie square architectural styles used by british in calcutta, is perhaps the finest looking buildings Kolkata... 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