State Nick Name: "The Last Frontier" - the name Alaska is derived from the Aleut word "Aleyska," meaning "great land." A helpful resource for the volcano lover or say, researcher. At some time between 10,000 and 40,000 years ago, the ancestors of all of America's aboriginal peoples trekked over a land bridge that connected northeastern Siberia with northwestern America. However, Wyoming has the lowest population of all the 50 states. Russia gained a monopoly on the American fur trade and created the Russian-American Company. Size Adult bulls average 350-400 pounds (159-182 kg). By Jamie Kiffel-Alcheh Alaska Barry the bald eagle arrives in the country's biggest state, Alaska, to hang with his friend MC Will the willow ptarmigan. The state has the lowest population density among the 50 states in the U.S. The state’s capital is Juneau. Mature females average 175-225 pounds (80-120 kg). Emeritus Professor of Geography, Fairbanks. This feature helps the bird save itself from predators. Alaska was home to many native groups including the Aleut, Tlingit and Eskimos. Now go impress your friends with this new found fact. The race has gained increased media attention and now the corporate are also sponsoring the event. Selection of the right seed varieties however, is also an important factor for the size of the plant. Alaska’s 1880 Census calculated that a mere 430 non-Natives had moved to Alaska in the decade after its purchase. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Smithsonian Channel - Denali, mountain, Alaska, United States, Official Tourism Site of Alaska, United States, CRW Flags - Flag of Alaska, United States, Official Site of the State of Alaska, United States, Alaska - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Alaska - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Tongass National Forest in Southeast Alaska is the largest national forest in the United States at 16.7 million acres (68,000 km2). [1,14], 4. The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsaq. Alaska History Timeline Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Alaska History. Caribou in Alaska are distributed in 32 herds (or populations). Moose can grow to 1,600 pounds with antlers spanning up to 6 feet wide. It was derived from an Aleut-language idiom, which figuratively refers to the mainland. , 3. Alaska is the only state that does not collect state sales tax or levy an individual income tax (some cities have sales tax, however). Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent, and the Alaska Peninsula is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. It is an annual race which is run in early March from Anchorage to Nome. In the area, AK is greater than California, Texas and Montana combined. , 34. Did you know that the 49th state pays its residents to live there permanently? Alaska Facts. Alaska is one of the five states that do not have a sales tax. Vitus Bering, a Dane working for the Russians, and Alexei Chirikov discovered the Alaskan mainland and the Aleutian Islands in 1741. Thecompany had its headquarters in Irkutsk. Due to the geographical location of Anchorage, the Anchorage International Airport acts as a refueling stop for many international cargo flights.. 1. In those and in the adjoining Canadian areas, however, lies the world’s largest expanse of glacial ice outside Greenland and Antarctica. Denali (Mount McKinley), Denali National Park, Alaska. In 1884 Congress established Alaska as a judicial land district, federal district courts were set up, and a school system was initiated. 15. Did you know that Anchorage, Alaska, is the fourth largest city by land area in the United States? The state attained statehood on January 3, 1959, becoming the 49th state to join the union. Both Russia and the United States have shown a tacit tolerance of unintentional airspace violations, which are common in bad weather. The Auke and Tuku tribes of native Tlingit Indians fished along the Gastineau Channel near Juneau … One of the major conflicts occurred in the late 1960s and early 1970s between conservationists and petroleum companies over the proposed Trans-Alaska Pipeline, which now runs from the oil-rich North Slope on the Arctic Ocean to Valdez, in the south. RAC was a state-sponsored commercial company. Alaska is bounded by the Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Canada’s Yukon territory and British Columbia province to the east; the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south; the Bering Strait and the Bering Sea to the west; and the Chukchi Sea to the northwest. Alaska (nicknamed: Great Land, Land of the Midnight Sun, The Last Frontier, Mainland State, 49th State, Sourdough State, North Star State, Up Over, Seward’s Ice Box, Seward’s Folly) has 27 counties. Alaska’s western maritime boundary, separating the waters of the United States and Russia, was established in the Treaty of Cession of 1867 (which declared the transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States). CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Fast Facts. The original course and the length of the race have changed over the years. The British arrived in 1778 when Captain Cook sai… Get facts and photos about the 49th state. In Alaska, the sales taxes are not either zero but they are a fraction of what other states implement in their jurisdiction. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The boundary leaves a patch of international waters, known as the “Doughnut Hole,” in the Bering Sea. In the Alaska Range north of Anchorage is Denali (Mount McKinley), 20,310 feet (6,190 metres) high—the highest peak in North America. As you check out Anchorage Alaska Facts - Back in the early 1990s (or there about) Anchor town decided to remember and celebrate it's humble beginnings.. A new, temporary tent city was constructed near Ship Creek where visitors walked over sawdust covered "streets" and shopped at their favorite stores, which were set up in tents and other fun looking temporary structures. McKinley), south-central Alaska, U.S. Koyukuk River flowing through Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge, central Alaska, U.S. Workers steaming blast rocks covered in crude oil leaking from the. That central location has made Alaska militarily significant since the Japanese invasion of the Aleutians in 1942 during World War II. There are 18 … history Alaska Railroad history the form of animal furs with a Premium. That of Hawaii is 72.95 degrees Fahrenheit it weighed 97.5 pounds on the.... A Dane called Vitus Bering, a Dane called Vitus Bering, a Dane working for the record it. 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