He was quickly filling the journals he worked for with prose sketches and light verse. But nothing ever came of the search, and John's body was never recovered. His poems included “Mandalay,” “Gunga Din,” and “If—.” His children’s stories included The Jungle Book (1894) and Just So Stories (1902). Kipling seemed to adore his new life, which soon saw the Kiplings welcome their first child, a daughter named Josephine (born in 1893), and a second daughter, Elsie (born in 1896). A decade later, Kipling married Caroline Balestier and settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he wrote The Jungle Book (1894), among a host of other works that made him hugely successful. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Readers repelled by a strain of brutality—even of cruelty—in his writings should remember the sensitive and shortsighted boy who was brought to terms with the ethos of this deplorable establishment through the demands of self-preservation. Biography of Rudyard Kipling an English poet, short-story writer, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of British imperialism, tales and poems of British soldiers in India, and his tales for children. While working in India, Rudyard Kipling published a collection of verse and several volumes of short stories, including The Phantom Rickshaw, all of which were well received by the public. He particularly adored the work of Daniel Defoe, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins. In 1902 Kipling bought a house at Burwash, Sussex, which remained his home until his death. He died in 1936. From 1883 to 1889, Kipling worked in British India for local newspapers such as the Civil and Military Gazette in Lahore and The Pioneer in Allahabad. Childhood and youth . Following their wedding, the Kiplings set off on an adventurous honeymoon that took them to Canada and then Japan. The biography contains the life history of popular writer, Rudyard Kipling. Achievements Kipling was the recipient of many honorary degrees and other awards. He is best known for authoring 'The Hobbit' and 'The Lord of the Rings' trilogy. The life of the youngest-ever winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, Rudyard Kipling, was filled with tragedy. Rudyard Kipling was an English author famous for an array of works like 'Just So Stories,' 'If' and 'The Jungle Book.' At the time of his birth, his parents, John and Alice, were recent arrivals in India as part of the British Empire. She beat and bullied the youngster, who also struggled to fit in at school. In this ballad, an Afghan chieftain named Kamal raids … Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images Rudyard Kipling is one of the best-known of the late Victorian poets and story-tellers. He also encouraged his son, John, to enlist. A third child, John, was born in 1897, after the Kiplings had left America. The sights and sounds, even the language, which he'd believed he'd forgotten, rushed back to him upon his arrival. Kipling's experiences during this time formed the backbone for a series of stories he began to write and publish. Most of his work celebrated the English Empire and its soldiers in India. Omissions? They were eventually assembled into a collection of 40 short stories called Plain Tales From the Hills, which gained wide popularity in England. Kipling fell in love with life in the states, and the two decided to settle there. Eliot.) A live-action/CGI version of the movie was later released in 2016, with direction by Jon Favreau and the vocal talents of Idris Elba, Ben Kingsley, Lupita Nyong'o and Scarlett Johansson. The gentle Kipling was embarrassed by the attention and regretful of how his celebrity had worked against him. He moved to England in 1889 and enjoyed a meteoric rise to literary fame, especially after the appearance of Barrack-Room Ballads (1892). Nighttime, especially, proved to be valuable for the young writer. His support of English imperialism at first contributed to this popularity but caused a reaction against him in the 20th century. For days, the world kept careful watch on the state of Kipling's health as newspapers reported on his condition. In London, he met Wolcott Balestier, an American agent and publisher who quickly became one of Kipling's great friends and supporters. To those who knew him, it was clear that Kipling never recovered from Josephine's death. On 22 October 1924, Elsie Kipling married George Bambridge and in 1938 they bought Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire's largest stately home. Tolkien is an internationally renowned fantasy writer. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907. Looks like something went wrong. He published in 1886, his first collection of Verse, Departmental Ditties. He soon got to know Balestier's family, in particular, his sister, Carrie. Kipling was the recipient of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. Rudyard Kipling was an English author famous for an array of works like 'Just So Stories,' 'If' and 'The Jungle Book.' His father was a professor in an art school. Reader in English Literature, University of Oxford, 1969–73. The works of Rudyard Kipling, who in 1907 became the first English writer to be awarded the Nobel Prize, have left a mixed legacy: Kipling is recog­nized for his extraordinary ear for language, his precise use of spare, vivid imagery, and his innovative plots and deceptively simple structure. He traveled to America and wrote 'American Notes' about his experiences. Rudyard led an exciting life filled with journeys and interesting situations. Rudyard Kipling Biography - English Journalist, Short-Story Writer, Poet, and Novelist #RudyardKipling #biography #poet He then went on to the United Services College at Westward Ho, north Devon, a new, inexpensive, and inferior boarding school. The news devastated the couple. The book's name had, in fact, come from Josephine, who told her father he had to repeat each tale as he always had, or "just so," as Josephine often said. Kipling rushed back to England, and within eight days of his return, the two married at a small ceremony attended by American writer Henry James. Rudyard Kipling is remembered for his stories and poems of British soldiers in India and for his tales for children. Even though he spent his early childhood in India he went to school in England. His most successful novel was Kim (1901). The same year he purchased Bateman's, Kipling also published his Just So Stories, which were greeted with wide acclaim. In addition to Plain Tales From the Hills, Kipling published a second collection of short stories, Wee Willie Winkie (1888), and American Notes (1891), which chronicled his early impressions of America. Rudyard Kipling was born in India in 1865 and educated in England but returned to India in 1882. A decade later, Kipling married Caroline Balestier and settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he wrote The Jungle Book (1894), among a host of other works that made him hugely successful. Wanting to help his son enlist, Kipling drove John to several different military recruiters. These books give further proof that Kipling excelled at telling a story but was inconsistent in producing balanced, cohesive novels. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize for Literature, the first Englishman to be so honoured. With few friends, he devoted himself to reading. Kipling was the recipient of many honorary degrees and other awards. Rudyard Kipling was an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist. Over his last few years, Kipling suffered from a painful ulcer that eventually took his life on January 18, 1936. The Stalky saga is one of Kipling’s great imaginative achievements. Finally, Kipling made use of his connections and managed to get John enlisted with the Irish Guard as a second lieutenant. Biography of Rudyard Kipling Rudyard Kipling, born in Bombay, India on December 20, 1865, is one of Britain's most famous writers, although his work never attracted the critical acclaim that writers like E.M. Forster, T.S. Kipling made his home with his parents in Lahore and, with his father's help, found a job with a local newspaper. In 1889, seven years after he had left England, Kipling returned to its shores in hopes of leveraging the modest amount of celebrity his book of short stories had earned him. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. J.R.R. As a poet, author, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, he published over 80 stories and ballads. John Donne, leading English poet of the Metaphysical school, is often considered the greatest loved poet in the English language. As much of Europe braced for war with Germany, Kipling proved to be an ardent supporter of the fight. Much of his childhood was unhappy. That year the young couple moved to the United States and settled on Mrs. Kipling’s property in Vermont, but their manners and attitudes were considered objectionable by their neighbours. In South Africa, where he spent much time, he was given a house by Cecil Rhodes, the diamond magnate and South African statesman. He lauded British imperialism. 1634 over the door—beamed, paneled, with old oak staircase and all untouched and unfaked.". {{-*error}} 0.0 based on 0 rates. Rudyard Kipling was an English writer best known for the children's book The Jungle Book . The two men grew close and even traveled together to the United States, where Balestier introduced his fellow writer to his childhood home of Brattleboro, Vermont. The two appeared to be just friends, but during the Christmas holiday in 1891, Kipling, who had traveled back to India to see his family, received an urgent cable from Carrie. Thereafter he returned to India to work as a journalist. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Behold us," he wrote in a November 1902 letter, "lawful owners of a grey stone, lichened house—A.D. But as was often the case in Kipling's life, good fortune was accompanied by hard luck. In 1986, he became the first African to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. All the while he had remained keenly observant of the thronging spectacle of native India, which had engaged his interest and affection from earliest childhood. Joseph Rudyard Kipling. The book itself was in part a tribute to his late daughter, for whom Kipling had originally crafted the stories as he put her to bed. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He published the verse collection Departmental Ditties in 1886, the short-story collection Plain Tales from the Hills in 1888, and between 1887 and 1889 he brought out six paper-covered volumes of short stories. Kipling, perhaps feeling guilty about his push to make his son a soldier, set off for France to find John. The family waited until Kipling was strong enough to hear the news, but even then, Carrie could not bear to break it to him, asking his publisher, Frank Doubleday, to do so instead. 1889- He left the newspaper and moved to London. Kipling was the recipient of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. Bateman's, the house purchased by Rudyard Kipling in 1902, Burwash, East Sussex, England. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Kipling received the 1907 Nobel Prize for Literature. Born in Bombay, India, Rudyard Kipling was educated in England, returning to India in 1882. Wole Soyinka is a Nigerian playwright, poet, author, teacher and political activist. These connections were of lifelong importance to Kipling. He wrote tales and poems of British soldiers in India and stories for children. This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. When he died, two days before King George V, he must have seemed to many a far less representative Englishman than his sovereign. There, Kipling flourished and discovered his talent for writing, eventually becoming editor of the school newspaper. Among the latter were Soldiers Three, The Phantom Rickshaw (containing the story “The Man Who Would Be King”), and Wee Willie Winkie (containing “Baa Baa, Black Sheep”). Embed this Biography stories. This autobiography/biography was written at the time of … He described dreadful years of his childhood in his short story Baa Baa, Black Sheep. Yet even as Kipling grew more rigid in his viewpoints as he got older, aspects of his earlier work would still be celebrated. He is most famous for his children's stories, including The Jungle Book and the Just So Stories. ACHIEVEMENTS Rudyard Kiplingworked very hard for the Newspaper for six years from 1883. When the poet laureate Alfred, Lord Tennyson, died in 1892, it may be said that Kipling took his place in popular estimation. His only break from the Holloways came in December, when Kipling, who told nobody of his problems at school or with his foster parents, traveled to London to stay with relatives for the month. In 1882, Kipling returned to India. Please try to rate again. His parents, although not officially important, belonged to the highest Anglo-Indian society, and Rudyard thus had opportunities for exploring the whole range of that life. Rudyard Kipling Timeline: 1865- Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865. In 1915, he even traveled to France to report on the war from the trenches. In November 1887, Kipling became assistant editor at the … In 1907, Rudyard Kipling was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. The job offered Kipling a good excuse to discover his surroundings. The English poet and story writer Rudyard Kipling was one of the first masters of the short story in English, and he was the first to use Cockney dialect (the manner in which natives of London, England's, East End speak) in serious poetry. Updates? His mother was Alice Macdonald, two of whose sisters married the highly successful 19th-century painters Sir Edward Burne-Jones and Sir Edward Poynter, while a third married Alfred Baldwin and became the mother of Stanley Baldwin, later prime minister. George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist and critic most famous for his novels 'Animal Farm' (1945) and 'Nineteen Eighty-Four' (1949). In 1892 Kipling married Caroline Balestier, the sister of Wolcott Balestier, an American publisher and writer with whom he had collaborated in The Naulahka (1892), a facile and unsuccessful romance. December 30, 1865 - January 18, 1936. Over time, Kipling would become known for harboring a sense of English imperialism and views on certain cultures that would draw much objection and be seen as disturbingly racist. He died in 1936. During the Japanese leg of the journey, Kipling learned that his bank, the New Oriental Banking Corporation, had failed. His fame was redoubled upon the publication in 1892 of the verse collection Barrack-Room Ballads, which contained such popular poems as “Mandalay,” “Gunga Din,” and “Danny Deever.” Not since the English poet Lord Byron had such a reputation been achieved so rapidly. In 1926, he … The Jungle Book (1894) and The Second Jungle Book (1895) are stylistically superb collections of stories. Adopting the role of the head of the household, she held reporters at bay when they came calling and issued directions to both staff and children. Eliot, and William Butler Yeats enjoyed. These convictions are not to be dismissed in a word: they were bound up with a genuine sense of a civilizing mission that required every Englishman, or, more broadly, every white man, to bring European culture to those he considered the heathen natives of the uncivilized world. When Kipling returned to England in 1889, his reputation had preceded him, and within a year he was acclaimed as one of the most brilliant prose writers of his time. The turn of the century saw the publication of another novel that would become quite popular, Kim (1901), which featured a youth's adventure on the Grand Trunk Road. British author Beatrix Potter wrote and illustrated more than 20 children's books starring Peter Rabbit, Jemima Puddle-Duck and Benjamin Bunny. The Kiplings were broke. Kipling Sahib is indeed a good biography, but it is confined tothe writer's early years. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! As a result, in 1896, he and his family left Vermont for a new life back in England. These were hard years for Kipling. Unable or unwilling to adjust to life in America, the Kiplings returned to England in 1896. Published: 1889. Rudyard Kipling Biography Stories. Sussex was the background of much of his later writing—especially in Puck of Pook’s Hill (1906) and Rewards and Fairies (1910), two volumes that, although devoted to simple dramatic presentations of English history, embodied some of his deepest intuitions. Kipling’s father, John Lockwood Kipling, was an artist and scholar who had considerable influence on his son’s work, became curator of the Lahore Museum, and is described presiding over this “wonder house” in the first chapter of Kim, Rudyard’s most famous novel. It was a powerful time in the young writer's life. In 1892, he also published the poetry work Barrack-Room Ballads. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1907, Rudyard Kipling received the Nobel Prize in literature “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author". In 1902, the Kiplings bought a large estate in Sussex known as Bateman's. A visitor to his home saw his condition and immediately contacted his mother, who rushed back to England and rescued her son from the Holloways. William Butler Yeats was one of the greatest English-language poets of the 20th century and received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923. His novel The Light That Failed (1890) is the story of a painter going blind and spurned by the woman he loves. He was sent to stay at Southsea, England, for schooling, where he was ill treated, and his secondary education was at United Services College in Devon. Kipling’s ideas were not in accord with much that was liberal in the thought of the age, and, as he became older, he was an increasingly isolated figure. Rudyard Kipling was born in India and spent his early childhood there. https://www.biography.com/writer/rudyard-kipling. Wolcott had died suddenly of typhoid fever and Carrie needed Kipling to be with her. Home › British › Rudyard Kipling December 30, 1865 117 views ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Thanks for rating! When Mrs. Holloway took away his books, Kipling snuck in literature time, pretending to play in his room by moving furniture along the floor while he read. Kim (1901), about an Irish orphan in India, is a classic. In 1907, Kipling received a Nobel Prize for literature, the first English-language author to win the prestigious award. At Bateman's, Kipling found some of the happiness he thought he had forever lost following the death of Josephine. But the journey across the Atlantic was brutal, and New York was frigid. Considered one of the great English writers, Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865, in Bombay (now called Mumbai), India. His tales enchanted girls and boys all over the English-speaking world. Along with his younger sister, Alice, he reveled in exploring the local markets with his nanny. In October 1915, the Kiplings received word that John had gone missing in France. Author of. As a writer, too, Kipling flourished. Alice (one of the four noted MacDonald sisters) was a vivacious woman, about whom Lord Dufferin would say, "Dullness and Mrs Kipling cannot exist in the same room." Kipling returned to India in 1882 and worked for seven years as a journalist. While Kipling continued to write for the next two decades, he never again returned to the bright, cheery children's tales he had once so delighted in crafting. Kipling was a man of two worlds, somebody who was accepted by both his British counterparts and the native population. Kipling revered the new home, with its lush gardens and classic details. To help relax his mind, Alice took her son on an extended vacation and then placed him in a new school in Devon. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. 1878- Rudyard was sent to study at the United Service College at Westward Ho in Devon. Besides numerous short-story collections and poetry collections such as The Seven Seas (1896), Kipling published his best-known novels in the 1890s and immediately thereafter. Kipling did recover, but his beloved Josephine did not. During the First World War, the British Government asked Kipling to write propaganda, which Kipling immediately accepted. He was dedicated as ever to his writing, something Carrie helped ensure. Kipling's books during his years at Bateman's included Puck of Pook's Hill (1906), Actions and Reactions (1909), Debts and Credits (1926), Thy Servant a Dog (1930) and Limits and Renewals (1932). The family lived well, and Kipling was especially close to his mother. Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865 in Bombay, in the Bombay Presidency of British India, to Alice Kipling (née MacDonald) and John Lockwood Kipling. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? When he finished he studies he went back to India and worked as a journalist. The property had been erected in 1634, and for the private Kiplings, it offered the kind of isolation they now cherished. Rudyard Kipling is an English writer born in 1865 in Bombay. (His rehabilitation was attempted, however, by T.S. Thereafter, he wrote several books including the famous 'The Jungle Book'. 1887- Kipling joined the newspaper The Pioneer, Allahabad. There was a … Kipling lived there from 1902 until his death in 1936. Kipling was taken to England by his parents at the age of six and was left for five years at a foster home at Southsea, the horrors of which he described in the story “Baa Baa, Black Sheep” (1888). Although he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, his political views, which grew more toxic as he aged, have long made him critically unpopular. Mini Bio (1) Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. Since Josephine's death, Kipling and John had grown tremendously close. In his early years, Kipling lived with a foster family in England and discovered his passion for writing during his childhood. Elsie Bambridge (née Kipling; 2 February 1896 – 24 May 1976) was the second daughter of British writer Rudyard Kipling.She was the only one of the Kipling's three children to survive beyond early adulthood. But plagued with the same eyesight problems his father had, John was repeatedly turned down. Mrs. Holloway was a brutal woman who quickly grew to despise her foster son. However, at the age of six, Kipling's life was torn apart when his mother, wanting her son to receive a formal British education, sent him to Southsea, England, where he attended school and lived with a foster family named the Holloways. His celebrity had worked against rudyard kipling achievements professor in an art school Kiplings set off on an adventurous that. 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