Coleman says, "We don't have that opportunity for metaphor in English, so I did 'days' instead of 'time' in order to get at weather and also the passage of time.". In rags, hand-me-downs, or dramatic black capes of glory, it is surprise, morning, a distinctive stranger. A translator poet must be a translator. The translator artist has the fever and craft to recognize, re-create, and reveal the work of the other artist. Keep tweeting us your verses using the hashtag #NPRpoetry. In that instant the poem becomes everything or nothing. For example, "largest * in the world". Even Latin grammarians and orators have troubles with poems and tend to Q them behind the eight ball. For example, "tallest building". The Torah was "written with black fire on white fire, and is lying on the lap of God." Understanding the poetic experience is the proper object of the philosophy of poetry; moreover, understanding the social and moral value of poetry is also the proper object of the Readers of the original text read the language of their own time, unless the author, like Spenser, deliberately imitated an archaic mode. Rhyme is naturally pleasing to the ears and lends a sense of wholesomeness to words that are strung together. Freedom resides as much in a closed version as in a free version, for the English language is uniquely flexible, likes to be challenged to change its ways, and welcomes writers who abuse it with taste and imagination. When one poet knows the other's tongue, it is a start. The vulgate flowers of virgin translation drop voluptuous seeds into the new, volatile language. In our ignorance, we need her work of restoration and we need to be saved. Heaven is the instant of translation. Why not the ghost of the "disappeared" Osip Mandelstam, reading his alchemic lyrics about Stalin's mustache or his EXILE poems from the snows and ice graves of Voronezh? A good translation is a good joke. A translation is never an exact copy. It is so only by affirmation of a superficial convention that sees poorly and has established feudal hierarchies of value between overlord originals and vassal translations. Poetry's features can be sound-based, syntactic or structural or pragmatic in nature. We need it, for we still suffer under that early Babylonian God's edict of language dispersal. A translator spends a life asking y, but the I (even puffed up as the one Creator Eye) knows it's for u. Fray Luis de León wrote that translated poems should not appear foreign but as "nacidas en él y naturales" (as if born and natural in the language). Why not shake up English poetry with the sudden arrogant figure of Vladimir Mayakovsky, standing tall in his coalminer's cap, shouting his syllables out to the sky from the Brooklyn Bridge? Horace and Jerome removed themselves from the literalism of the letter and condemned even the word in order to champion phrase and sense. And because there are no perfect word equivalents between languages, or even within the same language (as Borges proves in his story of the mad Menard), perfection in translation is inconceivable. Aaron Coleman, a literary translator, interprets a few mini poems submitted to NPR's National Poetry Month hashtag, #NPRpoetry. There is a mystical union between them based on love and art. Is it possible to translate poetry from one language into another without losing meaning? The translator may face the linguistic, literary and aesthetic, and socio-cultural problems in translating it. He has good reason to be inimical to archaisms. As for the translations that we do read in literary journals or in translated collections, it’s important to remember that the translation is the creative work of the translator. So all literature is translation and all translation is unique and therefore original. Create a Literal Translation Read the entire poem once or twice to get a broad understanding of the storyline, characters and setting. Dr. Leal is first and foremost a writer, although he dabbled in some poetry translation prior to meeting Dr. Soler and learning more about the methods, theories, and terminology used by professional translators. Only a punk sees freedom and error as synonyms. Translation is the art of revelation. Or under another name it gives us itself. And mixing together languages is the reality for many people.". And when translating poetry, explore the text first, what emotions it carries and which formal means are used to do so, and remember there is no perfect interpretation. To choose the unknown path risks loss—and often brings gain. When handsomely reborn through the word-giving voice of the translator, is the translation a form different from other literature? Think of a hilly field on a Greek island, with that rational light of the Mediterranean in which seven centuries before the common era Archilochos wrote about figs and wanton women and his own wild shameless sexuality. "I think we all want to have translation work as a process of reproduction, but it's really a process of transformation," Coleman says. A poet translator is a xenophiliac. I include this primer on the translation of poetry with pleasure and diffidence since I dislike dogma or prescription. The orphan is Don Quijote de la Mancha in Chicago. Normally, as with music, the translating artist reads and interprets but does not fully invent the score. The writer's skills, as Quintilian already knew, are increased by exercising the act of translation. We want to create a space where listeners can share their poems and read the work of others. transfer, but it is also a cultural transfer, hence poetry translation should take the cultural aspects of both the source language and the target language into account. Good translation of poetry is essential to a hungry reader in a decent book store and to a global village of letters. Songs between window blinds and white cement.". "At the same time, she's still able to create something beautiful in English. They "descended from the terrible and august crown of God whereon they were engraved with a pen of flaming fire.". Once across the border, in new garb, the orphan remembers or conceals the old town, and appears new-born and different. "Poetry is what gets lost in translation," the American poet is often quoted as saying. Modest designations will do—translation, version, paraphrase, metaphrase, retelling, imitation, or whatever. ABSTRACT. 5 Praising Gérard de Nerval’s translation of Faust into French, the German writer, for instance, exclaims: “I do not like to […] read my Faust any more in German; but in this French translation all seems again fresh, new, and spirited” (341). The translator plays with nothingness, with la nada, and from nothing comes everything. So the translator lacks the miracle of creation that served Yahweh when with the utterance of a few syllables, yehi, he translated chaos into light. Old writers will not lose the centuries of their age when heard in modern diction. The ocean offers all things, including these mixed metaphors about the translation of poems. The translator is the Chinese ceramist who re-creates the spirit and produces the vessel in which that spirit lives. Linguistic constraints often make this a stimulating task. She pours content into a form of her own creation in her own language. Therefore, a translation of a poem into a new language is an opportunity to attempt to realize the original (invisible) poem." You must do the footwork. Canciones entre cortinas y el cemento blanco. In la nada the Spanish poet-saint found God. Given the inconstancy of words and texts, can we demand miracles from human translators who work today to grace us with a poem? Instead, translation can be transformation. There are also some excellent dictionaries and phrase books. Historically, the transformed words have no beginning, do not seek an original author, an original tongue, or first words. Now, moving from the ocean inland up to the orchards, if we endow the trees and their fruit with proper names, we, the hungry readers and critics, should eat well. Although it is best when one poet can chat with the other poet, the ability to chat in the foreign tongue does not create a poet. With lingo like "muktuk" and "tuttu," it's fair to say that some of her words — in the Inupiaq language of her native Alaska — ring unfamiliar to many: #NPRpoetryDreams of Dried salmonHerring eggsBlack muktukFresh tuttuWild akpiqs3000 miles awayJust an Iñupiaq in the city. This editorial choice is a formidable gain. As a writer of poetry, it’s one of the best ways to steer readers’ experience of language and different potential meanings. A translation is a friendship between poets. Author: Gwerful Mechain Translation: Zoe Brigley Fidelity to the letter, preceding the word, makes an even better, higher form of faith. A good translation is that in which the text in the target language accurately expresses the meaning, sense and intention of the writer of the source text in such a way that it sounds natural to the reader. myillo/Getty Images Poetry in Translation, a unit created by Queens teacher Carol McCarthy, draws on the unique abilities of her multicultural classroom. It takes time, experience and mental effort to produce a good translation of a poem. For example, camera $50..$100. Mastery lies in the manipulation of the clay. Courtesy of Aaron Coleman “How she can make a translation for me is always magic,” he said. Then, as an unrecognized alien, it will enter the native literature, be absorbed by it, and refresh it. In many eyes translation resembles a museum reproduction of a Cycladic statue: it is beautiful but has no intrinsic value. As the worm example shows, poets can use enjambment to not only pique readers’ curiosity but also to suggest additional meanings and sound combinations. Combine searches The skill of a translator poet is tested by strictures. They started long ago, or rather, like time have no beginning. Why not show preferences, to use Jorge Luis Borges' favorite word for choice, judgment, discrimination, and taste? A vocabulary list featuring Some Helpful Poetry Terms. Traditions of theme and form are altered by the infusion of poems from other languages, especially the impossible ones. With the informant scholar, the poet translates the poem. And good or bad, beauty or trash, ancient or modern, a joke lurks under the text. His poems with their sun in the time of the Dogstar—now modernized as fragments—are all preserved in the multiple trees in a Greek orchard on the afternoon hill. But first, some background for our newcomers: Every week during National Poetry Month (April, as it's oft referred to), All Things Considered is asking a professional poet to read from some of your mini poems that caught their eye on the #NPRpoetry Twitter feed. The Poet as Translator. It is absolutely free, all you have to do is provide a few details about your poetry translation … The Swedish poet Tomas Tranströmer has said about translation, “A poem is a manifestation of an invisible poem that exists beyond the conventional languages. An artist translator is a master potter. Translation is voyage and the poet takes a translation across the ocean. Critical for the poem is when it changes tongues, that moment of translation truth when fire and knowledge come alive to commingle and create. And be fair to the gardener who keeps them up. One of the more common methods is called literal translation. With these reservations here are some general observations on the practice of the art of translating poetry. In Spanish, "tiempo" means both "time" and "weather." If you arrive where it is neither day nor night you'll be turned into stone while you are waiting. Practice makes perfect, and exploring not only the practical aspect of a type of translation but also its theory is a good way to deliver a translation of quality. "De nada a todo," Saint John of the Cross inserts into a concrete poem drawing. In close translation, given the imperative of a soaring imagination in order to compensate aesthetically for nearness to the source text, the translator poet needs a good space suit, deft fingers while working in space, or else must keep a pillow on the floor. A Day in the Life of a Poetry Translator. As if I had heard these words of mine If not, a third person, a friendly and responsible human dictionary, can be an intermediary. It is different. Translation is also an art to be learned, even by poets. Remember, this is not a contest — it's a community project — the point is not to win or lose or even to get your poem on the air. Indulge in literal translation of a worn cliché so it will shine anew, and beware of a safe equivalent that will persist in tedious dimness. It makes the unknown known. They said: Don't go to the end of the Earth because your lengthening shadow will frighten you. It is different. The translated poem should be read as a poem written in the language of the adopted literature, even if it differs because of its origin from any poem ever written in its new tongue. Although Antigone and Lear sometimes speak in exotic tongues, subverting God's rage against the monolingual builders of Babel writers still scrawl their words in a thousand scripts, pile them up on mounds of hope and futurity, awaiting translation. The poetic experience has moral and social value; most poets know this, and many have attempted to explain, or justify, the social importance of poetry. Allow Coleman to elaborate with a few poems of his choosing. The true counterfeit (an unattributed imitation or re-creation), which is other in sound and devices, may be invisible, go unrecognized, in order to pass on its own in the new mother language. Poems prepared by a taxidermist, to use Robert Lowell’s words, "are likely to be stuffed birds." The second translation conveys a lot more about the meaning of the original poem, however, the lack of repetition results in the loss of emphasis on the emotions evoked by the words in the original poem, as well as a loss of the original beauty of the poem (Xie, 2014). In other words, the meaning the reader extracts from a poem can never be a replica of the writer's intent. The translator is a writer. A translator's reward for a mistake must be capital punishment. In translation, however, maintaining the rhyme of a poem often means interpreting it in a different way – but without losing the gist of the original piece. A poetry translation project usually aims to publicize a poet or … Basically, poetry translation should be semantic translation for a poem is typically rich with aesthetic and expressive values. Such practice puts a poet on the hot seat. In her introductory lesson plan, Carol calls upon her students to investigate poetry through the lens of their individual cultural backgrounds. He uses a contemporary language but not so fearfully as to eliminate its contemporary scope and living history. In the act of rendering poetry from nothing into something, the translator is first a poet, even if outside the recreation he never writes poetry. © Academy of American Poets, 75 Maiden Lane, Suite 901, New York, NY 10038. The final result, however, can be truly brilliant and bring about something mesmerising that will last for centuries, just like the original poem. Poetry - Poetry - Poetry and prose: People’s reason for wanting a definition is to take care of the borderline case, and this is what a definition, as if by definition, will not do. We're still accepting submissions to Twitter with hashtag #NPRPoetry. Read a line or a stanza, look away from the poem and think about what the author is literally saying. A translator operates in the unknown. The linguistic problems include … In translation perfect mimesis is impossible. In Your Own Words. Don't worry that modernity will rub out the past. A poet translator survives as a good confessed thief. But poet and award-winning literary translator Aaron Coleman tells NPR's Michel Martin that the impossibility of translation shouldn't stop us from appreciating the art of the verse. What’s more we believe in providing high quality poetry translation services for low rates and we make fast deliveries. Yes. A second reason for diffidence has been a reluctance in this book to emphasize the practice of translation—how, for example, to translate Greek or Spanish verse or verbs into English. What has never been done in the adopted language will expand its thematic and formal boundaries and its literature. Minor acts of translation ripple out from every single reading. The port too will suggest in its name the conditions of the sea by which the ship reaches its destination. 5. Kabbalists like meaningful letters. They may help get to the bones of the poem but your job is to put heart and live language on those bones. presentation of the words with no clearer insights into the context behind them. One of the stumbling blocks when trying to study poetry is that it seems like a different world. Whether wonderful or monstrous, the version is always a version, another working and retelling. Octavio Paz goes so far as to declare, "Every text is unique and, at the same time, is a translation of another text.". Should the new poem not have beauty, the translator has traduced our faith in sense, word, and letter. Nor does knowledge of the language of the original text qualify a translator any more than good knowledge of English makes every English speaker Milton. For a translator, to be "honest" means that if he steals the original for his poem, as Chaucer did, or invents or omits passages from it, as the two Roberts, Lowell and Bly, have frequently done, he will declare the theft or omission openly, as the Roberts do. Because the words and grammar of each language differ from every other language, the transference of a poem from one language to another involves differing sounds and prosody. The potter transforms the spirit of an old pot, the recollection of its shape, into a new pot. Whatever the choice, it isn’t the same poem. 6 Cristopher Johnson suggests that Borges’s approach to literary translation … A translation is an x-ray, not a xerox. But the port must have a name, a true name. The best poet translators—the "original" authors of the Bible, Homer, Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Saint John of the Cross—wear masks and have not been caught. It cannot return. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. A close rendition requires the greatest imagination and holds the greatest danger, for in staying close the poet may easily be seduced by the facile surface of literality. Thereafter to create the world through his word, he devised the twenty-two letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Strategies used in the translation of allusions in Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 Research Question: Thesis Statement: The translation of Allusive expression should take into account the cultural barrier between the source culture and the target text when translating from English to Arabic. Moving between tongues, translation acquires difference. Keywords : English poetry, Arabic poetry, translation, Robert Frost, strategies. Poetry is part of every country’s cultural heritage and should therefore be cultivated like a precious seed. Then, break the poem down word-by-word, phrase-by-phrase or line-by-line to paraphrase. Enter the informant. In the art of literature and scholarship, the Platonic good lies in tradition, a code word for theft. Aaron Coleman, a literary translator, interprets a few mini poems submitted to NPR's National Poetry Month hashtag, #NPRpoetry. "That's the thing about poetry — it's as much a thing of words as it is a thing of sound," he says. Over the course of her long career, Eavan Boland emerged as one of the foremost female voices in Irish literature. 2 If that were the case, what would it mean? The translator poet is a blatant robber but should not kill the other author or steal her very name from her. Don't eat a prickly pear for a peach and make unfriendly faces. Translation is a zoo and a heavenly zion. Yet translation of poetry is conceivable. Outrage in art is desirable, and a bit of felonious deception and license are also healthy. Because the dream of capturing and stilling words must really be seen as an allegory for death, a bad joke, it is better to accept movement—translation—and live with peppy Proteus and Heraclitus, the two Greek jokers. Instability—eternal transformation—may be uncomfortable, but it is best to live with it. Translation is sin, Eve's courageous breakfast leading to forbidden knowledge of the unknown. When a girl favors a particular poem word, her character sticker will jump in the notebook. The language lapses that inhibit an ideal interpretation can ultimately be "a creative, productive failure," he adds. But even when famous at home, the work comes into an alien city as an orphan with no past to its readers. Within the most hidden recess, a dark flame issues from the mystery of eyn sof like a fog forming in the unformed, which springs forth into light through which Adam saw from one end to the other of the world. Translators are hardcore stealers, but unlike ordinary literary confidence men, the translator gets caught. Paso el tiempo dibujando olas y despedidos. "I approach translation even knowing that it can't quite be what it is in the original language," he says. Translation is an art between tongues, and the child born of the art lives forever between home and alien city. Don't Put Yourself In A Box, Unless It's On Twitter: Detroit Poet Reads #NPRpoetry. Since a vision cannot be replicated, you seek equivalents for the other. Or under another name it gives us itself. I spend my days drawing waves and goodbyes. Throughout her many collections of poetry, in her prose memoir Object Lessons (1995), and in her work as a noted anthologist and teacher, Boland honed an appreciation for the ordinary in life. In their old drawings we see a tree of life whose leaves are letters and a man whose body is covered at vital spots by the ten letters of the sefirot. Yet any way—the way of Kabbalah's letter, God's word, or Jerome's phrase and sense—works if the created poem is beautiful. It is good to drink Turkish coffee in the pampas of the American Midwest. By: Natasha Sutton Williams Thursday 19th January 2017 Clare Pollard is a poet translator, journalist, teacher and poet in her own right.Her first collection of poems The Heavy-Petting Zoo was published by Bloodaxe Books when she was still at secondary school. The poet translator should at the very least compete with the Creator. Then, when you display your stolen wares, greater praise will await your deeds. In the Zohar (the Book of Radiance), the infinite (the eyn sof) lies not in a stationary mass but in two forms of undulatory movement: darkness and light. The informant is a dictionary, not a poet, useful as a dictionary but risky as a poet. Coleman shares another poem from Laurel Katchatag. Religion is God's bureaucracy. But a fake or counterfeit of the original is possible, and usually it lacks criminality, since it stays close and calls itself what it is: translation. A translation aspires to independence, yet even when apparently achieved, the dream is false. A translation is never an exact copy. Keep tweeting us your verses using the hashtag #NPRpoetry. In a translation, without art there can be no friendship between poets. 'I am a ghost holding up the Earth' is an incredible line for any poem.". Apart from transforming text, poetry translation also involves cognition, discourse, and action by and between human and textual actors in a physical and social setting. Gwerful Curses a Man for Beating a Woman. A translation is the first acknowledgement of a string of original Buddhist rebirths. 7. Yet why not some flagrant unnaturalness? Upon first listen, "I'm sort of blown away by the rhythm and the momentum that she gets from mixing together two languages. Put a word or phrase inside quotes. hide caption. Clichés in the original are often fresh in a new tongue, so give literal clichés a new life—especially those from the exotic languages. Finally, Barbara Valentina, manages, in English, to touch on this very theme in under 140 characters: #NPRpoetry he asks me about my ancestors/ I tell him/ I cannot explain what in my mother tongue means/ I am a ghost holding up the earth, She addresses the caveats of translation "in the fact that she can't tell him what her name means," he says. Search for wildcards or unknown words Put a * in your word or phrase where you want to leave a placeholder. When different, it need not be humble and inferior. The unlikely and impossible to translate are rich. There it is the world of winged pythons; the earth there is ablaze with the fire they spit. So the port where the cargo of poems lies anchored may be called Saint Faithful or New Harmony or Wild Strawberries. hide caption. Even for the Kabbalists the infinite of God's creation of Adam's vision is only a flash of light. Foremost among fidelities is fidelity to beauty in the original poem. Before God created the earth and heaven, he created the book. In a history and theory of translation, practice must be specifically documented, but I have made its example secondary. The ABC itself allows me some escape from a charge of inconstancy in method in that it indicates that method is justified provided it is openly named. So a paradox. As in translation, in the hierarchy of power a fidelity to the word is essential. The translator begins with the advantage of selecting the poem that lends itself to her translation. In performance particularly, a poem’s meaning can fluctuate and change dependent on intonation, on the sympathies of the audience, on the mood of the speaker, the sounds of the surrounding words, the accent of the speaker, etc. Using the hashtag # NPRpoetry Luis Borges ' favorite word for choice, judgment, discrimination, and refresh.... Of Adam 's vision is only a flash of light never be a of... Other artist while you are waiting Tang poets of working imaginatively while being bound by strictures `` dancing in.... Author, an original author, an original tongue, so give literal clichés a new pot need,... The eight ball joke lurks under the text the custom to start out by Dryden... S ideas lesson plan, Carol calls upon her students to investigate poetry the! World through his word, he created the Earth there is syntax, the transformed words have no.. Poet in hot anticipation, with all the skills and preparation for walking in paradise creates. 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